Learn about Centmin Mod LEMP Stack today
Register Now

Huge CPU usage

Discussion in 'Nginx, PHP-FPM & MariaDB MySQL' started by amin, Feb 24, 2017.

  1. amin

    amin Member

    37
    6
    8
    Oct 11, 2014
    Ratings:
    +7
    Local Time:
    3:32 PM
    Katest
    Latest
    Hi,
    I see huge CPU usage by php-fpm: http://puu.sh/uhlHi/c87c72010d.png
    This vps got 4 GB of ram and 2 E5-2670 CPU on a raid10 ssd storage. I also upgraded everything to the latest version.
    This issue starts even 5 minutes after a reboot.
     
  2. eva2000

    eva2000 Administrator Staff Member

    30,897
    6,908
    113
    May 24, 2014
    Brisbane, Australia
    Ratings:
    +10,403
    Local Time:
    10:02 PM
    Nginx 1.13.x
    MariaDB 5.5
    CPU load optimal is 1.0 per cpu thread so 8 cpu thread normal = 8x1 = 8.0. 16 cpu server normal is 16x1 = 16.0

    so cpu load of 8 for
    • 2 cpu server = 8/2 = 4.0 load average
    • 4 cpu server = 8/4 = 2.0 load average
    • 8 cpu server = 8/8 = 1.0 load average
    You have dual Xeon E5-2670 with 2x8/16 = 16 cpu cores and 32 cpu threads Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-2670 (20M Cache, 2.60 GHz, 8.00 GT/s Intel® QPI) Product Specifications so nomal load is 32x1.0 = 32.0. At cpu load of 15 = 15/32 = 0.45875 cpu load average so only ~45% cpu utilisation :)

    When you type top command, hit number 1 to break down per cpu stats

    Centmin Mod is provided as is, so troubleshooting load issues is left to end user to do. However, there's many linux tools and scripts that can help you figure out what was causing the load issues and when.

    If you're providing info on this forum, more info might be helpful
    1. What version of Centmin Mod ? .08 stable or .09 beta ? If .09 beta when was it installed and when was last time you updated ?
    2. What's your VPS/Server hardware specifications ? cpu type ? memory available ? disk space ?
    3. Who's your web host ? Different hosts have different limits for server resource usage and some are more restrictive that others so it could just be their resource usage policy you tripped which may or may not be restrictive. If restrictive, then real solution would be finding a better web host. If not restrictive, then it's finding out what caused high cpu load.
    Tools and commands you will want to read up on and learn for basic system admin tasks and troubleshooting.
    Notes:
     
  3. amin

    amin Member

    37
    6
    8
    Oct 11, 2014
    Ratings:
    +7
    Local Time:
    3:32 PM
    Katest
    Latest
    It's a vps with two cpu. Htop result: http://puu.sh/uhPYW/b489b0f9a4.png
    It's 123.09beta01 . Today I ran the update via menu 4 and 21 and 23 > then 2.
    Df -h result: http://puu.sh/uhQeg/026393b8ed.png . Storage is SSD raid10, too fast.
    The vps got 4 GB of ram and 2 CPUs. Main server CPU is E5-2670. We own the server, there is no limit and main server got enough free resources.
     
  4. eva2000

    eva2000 Administrator Staff Member

    30,897
    6,908
    113
    May 24, 2014
    Brisbane, Australia
    Ratings:
    +10,403
    Local Time:
    10:02 PM
    Nginx 1.13.x
    MariaDB 5.5
    Then you need to tune your php-fpm settings

    Centmin Mod is provide as is, so short of scripted related bugs or issues, any further optimisation to the web stack components - nginx, php-fpm, mariadb mysql, csf firewall etc or web app specific configurations are left to the Centmin Mod user to deal with. So I do not provide any free support for such.

    You'll need to tune your PHP-FPM settings with php-fpm main pool config file at /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf (overview of config files) and this is left up to end user to do but here's a thread for starters to enable php status page output outlined at

    Checking PHP-FPM etc logs



    You'll also need to check into your PHP-FPM, Nginx and MariaDB logs which you can find as outlined at How to troubleshoot Centmin Mod initial install issues

    Server logs include Nginx, PHP-FPM, MariaDB MySQL error logs as well as others. You can find your Centmin Mod install/menu logs at FAQ 7 and server logs at FAQ 19 at Centmin Mod FAQ (most up to date info in FAQ so always read that first). Spoiler tag below has info too but may not be up to date.

    Some of Centmin Mod's installed software will have their own access and error logs which maybe useful for diagnosing errors or give info, notes, or warning notices.

    Note: There's no support provided by me for diagnosing such errors which may occur for various reasons including misconfiguration of installed php/mysql scripts or applications.

    In SSH2 telnet you can use tail command to view the last X number of lines in the file.

    For example for viewing last 10 lines in the file for:

    For Nginx access and error logs:
    Code:
      tail -10 /usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log
      tail -10 /usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log
    
    For specific domainname.com access and error log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /home/nginx/domains/domainname.com/log/access.log
      tail -10 /home/nginx/domains/domainname.com/log/error.log
    
    For other system error logs located at /var/log:

    list /var/log files in ascending time order so the most recently modified files are at the bottom
    Code:
      ls -lhrt /var/log
    
    Code:
    total 2.7M
    -rw------- 1 root  root    0 Aug 29 15:33 tallylog
    -rw------- 1 root  root    0 Aug 29 15:33 spooler
    drwx------ 3 root  root 4.0K Aug 29 15:35 samba
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root  root 4.0K Aug 29 15:35 mail
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root  500     0 Oct  8 18:13 dmesg.old
    -rw------- 1 root  500     0 Oct  8 18:13 boot.log
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root  500     0 Oct  8 18:14 dmesg
    drwx------ 2 root  root 4.0K Oct  8 18:14 httpd
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root  root 4.0K Oct  8 19:08 php-fpm
    -rw-rw---- 1 mysql root 2.3K Oct  9 12:38 mysqld.log
    -rw------- 1 root  root 9.2K Oct 26 10:48 yum.log
    -rw------- 1 root  utmp  94K Nov  7 22:59 btmp
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root  root 4.0K Nov  8 00:00 sa
    -rw------- 1 root  root 269K Nov  8 21:39 messages
    -rw------- 1 root  root 110K Nov  8 23:08 secure
    -rw-rw-r-- 1 root  utmp  43K Nov  8 23:08 wtmp
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root  root 144K Nov  8 23:08 lastlog
    -rw------- 1 root  root  69K Nov  8 23:08 lfd.log
    -rw------- 1 root  root 332K Nov  8 23:08 maillog
    -rw------- 1 root  500  1.6M Nov  8 23:10 cron
    
    For PHP-FPM error log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/php-fpm/www-error.log
    
    and/or
    Code:
      /var/log/php-fpm/www-php.error.log
    
    For MySQL / MariaDB error log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/mysqld.log
    
    For CSF firewall LFD log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/lfd.log
    
    For Mail log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/maillog
    
    For Cron job logs:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/cron
    

    How to edit php.ini and php-fpm configuration files ?



    Centmin Mod install created command short cuts outlined here to allow you to quickly edit your /usr/local/lib/php.ini file and your /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf file. Full list of command shortcuts below:
    • Edit php.ini = phpedit ( /usr/local/lib/php.ini )
    • Edit my.cnf = mycnf ( /etc/my.cnf )
    • Edit php-fpm.conf = fpmconf ( /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf )
    • Edit nginx.conf = nginxconf ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf )
    • Edit (nginx) virtual.conf = vhostconf - only edits /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/virtual.conf not the additional vhost domain.com.conf files added later
    • Edit (nginx) php.conf = phpinc ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/php.conf )
    • Edit (nginx) drop.conf = dropinc ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/drop.conf )
    • Edit (nginx) staticfiles.conf = statfilesinc ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/staticfiles.conf )
    • nginx stop/start/restart = ngxstop/ngxstart/ngxrestart
    • php-fpm stop/start/restart = fpmstop/fpmstart/fpmrestart
    • mysql stop/start/restart = mysqlstop/mysqlstart/mysqlrestart
    • nginx + php-fpm stop/start/restart = npstop/npstart/nprestart
    • memcached stop/start/restart =memcachedstop/memcachedstart/memcachedrestart
    • csf stop/start/restart = csfstop/csfstart/csfrestart

    Troubleshooting Tools



    However, there's many linux tools and scripts that can help you figure out what was causing the load issues and when.

    Tools and commands you will want to read up on and learn for basic system admin tasks and troubleshooting.
    Notes:
    However, Centmin Mod users are free to help each other out and ask questions or give answers on this community forum. My hopes are that this community forum evolves so that more veteran long time Centmin Mod users help new Centmin Mod users out :)