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PHP-FPM (Help) High Load average because of PHP-FPM

Discussion in 'Nginx, PHP-FPM & MariaDB MySQL' started by hendry, Mar 10, 2017.

  1. hendry

    hendry Member

    59
    13
    8
    Sep 19, 2016
    Ratings:
    +17
    Local Time:
    1:38 AM
    nginx/1.11.4
    MariaDB 10
    Usually server load is under 1.00. Since today my vps load going high because of php-fpm, I don't know why it's happen. when I stop php-fpm server load is going down and when I start it again 5 or 10 minute later server load going high again. Any suggest what should I do?



    Code (Text):
    top - 12:23:52 up 30 min,  1 user,  load average: 31.18, 22.63, 12.27
    Tasks:  56 total,   1 running,  55 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie
    Cpu(s):  1.9%us,  0.3%sy,  0.0%ni, 93.4%id,  4.4%wa,  0.0%hi,  0.0%si,  0.0%st
    Mem:   2097152k total,  2097152k used,        0k free,        0k buffers
    Swap:  4194304k total,    31896k used,  4162408k free,   723396k cached
    
      PID USER      PR  NI  VIRT  RES  SHR S %CPU %MEM    TIME+  COMMAND
     1731 nginx     20   0  521m  44m  13m S  0.7  2.2   0:00.49 php-fpm
     1704 root      20   0 15000 1188  932 R  0.3  0.1   0:00.15 top
     1711 nginx     20   0  512m  50m  28m D  0.3  2.5   0:00.92 php-fpm
     1714 nginx     20   0  523m  47m  13m D  0.3  2.3   0:00.74 php-fpm
     1726 nginx     20   0  518m  43m  14m D  0.3  2.1   0:00.46 php-fpm
     1735 nginx     20   0  524m  60m  25m D  0.3  2.9   0:00.81 php-fpm
     1736 nginx     20   0  517m  71m  43m D  0.3  3.5   0:00.97 php-fpm
     1738 nginx     20   0  517m  68m  40m D  0.3  3.3   0:00.58 php-fpm
     1739 nginx     20   0  517m  51m  26m D  0.3  2.5   0:00.77 php-fpm
     1741 nginx     20   0  504m  49m  35m D  0.3  2.4   0:01.04 php-fpm
     1746 nginx     20   0  520m  38m  10m D  0.3  1.9   0:00.33 php-fpm
     1751 nginx     20   0  517m  62m  35m D  0.3  3.1   0:00.41 php-fpm
        1 root      20   0 19236 1328 1184 S  0.0  0.1   0:00.00 init
        2 root      20   0     0    0    0 S  0.0  0.0   0:00.00 kthreadd/8828
        3 root      20   0     0    0    0 S  0.0  0.0   0:00.00 khelper/8828
      134 root      16  -4 10648  316  312 S  0.0  0.0   0:00.00 udevd
      551 root      20   0  213m 1200 1012 S  0.0  0.1   0:00.00 rsyslogd
    


    • CentOS Version: CentOS 6 64bit
    • Centmin Mod Version Installed: 123.09beta01
    • Nginx Version Installed: 1.11.5
    • PHP Version Installed: PHP 7.0.12
    • MariaDB MySQL Version Installed: 10.1.18
    • Persistent Config: pagespeed
     
    Last edited: Mar 10, 2017
  2. eva2000

    eva2000 Administrator Staff Member

    30,156
    6,785
    113
    May 24, 2014
    Brisbane, Australia
    Ratings:
    +10,136
    Local Time:
    4:38 AM
    Nginx 1.13.x
    MariaDB 5.5
    Centmin Mod is provide as is, so short of scripted related bugs or issues, any further optimisation to the web stack components - nginx, php-fpm, mariadb mysql, csf firewall etc or web app specific configurations are left to the Centmin Mod user to deal with. So I do not provide any free support for such.

    Bad gateway 502 /504 timeouts are usually related to Nginx timing out waiting on PHP-FPM to respond as PHP-FPM is overloaded or overwhelmed with requests, so may need to tune PHP-FPM values. It also maybe due to PHP-FPM in turn being queued and backed up waiting on MariaDB MySQL server to respond - so also need to look at MySQL.

    You'll need to tune your PHP-FPM settings with php-fpm main pool config file at /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf (overview of config files) and this is left up to end user to do but here's a thread for starters to enable php status page output outlined at

    Checking PHP-FPM etc logs



    You'll also need to check into your PHP-FPM, Nginx and MariaDB logs which you can find as outlined at How to troubleshoot Centmin Mod initial install issues

    Server logs include Nginx, PHP-FPM, MariaDB MySQL error logs as well as others. You can find your Centmin Mod install/menu logs at FAQ 7 and server logs at FAQ 19 at Centmin Mod FAQ (most up to date info in FAQ so always read that first). Spoiler tag below has info too but may not be up to date.

    Some of Centmin Mod's installed software will have their own access and error logs which maybe useful for diagnosing errors or give info, notes, or warning notices.

    Note: There's no support provided by me for diagnosing such errors which may occur for various reasons including misconfiguration of installed php/mysql scripts or applications.

    In SSH2 telnet you can use tail command to view the last X number of lines in the file.

    For example for viewing last 10 lines in the file for:

    For Nginx access and error logs:
    Code:
      tail -10 /usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log
      tail -10 /usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log
    
    For specific domainname.com access and error log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /home/nginx/domains/domainname.com/log/access.log
      tail -10 /home/nginx/domains/domainname.com/log/error.log
    
    For other system error logs located at /var/log:

    list /var/log files in ascending time order so the most recently modified files are at the bottom
    Code:
      ls -lhrt /var/log
    
    Code:
    total 2.7M
    -rw------- 1 root  root    0 Aug 29 15:33 tallylog
    -rw------- 1 root  root    0 Aug 29 15:33 spooler
    drwx------ 3 root  root 4.0K Aug 29 15:35 samba
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root  root 4.0K Aug 29 15:35 mail
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root  500     0 Oct  8 18:13 dmesg.old
    -rw------- 1 root  500     0 Oct  8 18:13 boot.log
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root  500     0 Oct  8 18:14 dmesg
    drwx------ 2 root  root 4.0K Oct  8 18:14 httpd
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root  root 4.0K Oct  8 19:08 php-fpm
    -rw-rw---- 1 mysql root 2.3K Oct  9 12:38 mysqld.log
    -rw------- 1 root  root 9.2K Oct 26 10:48 yum.log
    -rw------- 1 root  utmp  94K Nov  7 22:59 btmp
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root  root 4.0K Nov  8 00:00 sa
    -rw------- 1 root  root 269K Nov  8 21:39 messages
    -rw------- 1 root  root 110K Nov  8 23:08 secure
    -rw-rw-r-- 1 root  utmp  43K Nov  8 23:08 wtmp
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root  root 144K Nov  8 23:08 lastlog
    -rw------- 1 root  root  69K Nov  8 23:08 lfd.log
    -rw------- 1 root  root 332K Nov  8 23:08 maillog
    -rw------- 1 root  500  1.6M Nov  8 23:10 cron
    
    For PHP-FPM error log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/php-fpm/www-error.log
    
    and/or
    Code:
      /var/log/php-fpm/www-php.error.log
    
    For MySQL / MariaDB error log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/mysqld.log
    
    For CSF firewall LFD log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/lfd.log
    
    For Mail log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/maillog
    
    For Cron job logs:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/cron
    

    How to edit php.ini and php-fpm configuration files ?



    Centmin Mod install created command short cuts outlined here to allow you to quickly edit your /usr/local/lib/php.ini file and your /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf file. Full list of command shortcuts below:
    • Edit php.ini = phpedit ( /usr/local/lib/php.ini )
    • Edit my.cnf = mycnf ( /etc/my.cnf )
    • Edit php-fpm.conf = fpmconf ( /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf )
    • Edit nginx.conf = nginxconf ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf )
    • Edit (nginx) virtual.conf = vhostconf - only edits /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/virtual.conf not the additional vhost domain.com.conf files added later
    • Edit (nginx) php.conf = phpinc ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/php.conf )
    • Edit (nginx) drop.conf = dropinc ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/drop.conf )
    • Edit (nginx) staticfiles.conf = statfilesinc ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/staticfiles.conf )
    • nginx stop/start/restart = ngxstop/ngxstart/ngxrestart
    • php-fpm stop/start/restart = fpmstop/fpmstart/fpmrestart
    • mysql stop/start/restart = mysqlstop/mysqlstart/mysqlrestart
    • nginx + php-fpm stop/start/restart = npstop/npstart/nprestart
    • memcached stop/start/restart =memcachedstop/memcachedstart/memcachedrestart
    • csf stop/start/restart = csfstop/csfstart/csfrestart

    Troubleshooting Tools



    However, there's many linux tools and scripts that can help you figure out what was causing the load issues and when.

    Tools and commands you will want to read up on and learn for basic system admin tasks and troubleshooting.
    Notes:
    However, Centmin Mod users are free to help each other out and ask questions or give answers on this community forum. My hopes are that this community forum evolves so that more veteran long time Centmin Mod users help new Centmin Mod users out :)
     
    • Informative Informative x 1
  3. hendry

    hendry Member

    59
    13
    8
    Sep 19, 2016
    Ratings:
    +17
    Local Time:
    1:38 AM
    nginx/1.11.4
    MariaDB 10
    Thanks @eva2000 server back to normal now
     
    • Like Like x 1