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Nginx PHP-FPM Wordpress Error 502 Bad Gateway

Discussion in 'Nginx, PHP-FPM & MariaDB MySQL' started by gasak, May 16, 2017.

  1. gasak

    gasak New Member

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    May 15, 2017
    Ratings:
    +4
    Local Time:
    5:58 PM
    1.13.0
    10.1.23-MariaDB
    Hi,

    I just new to the self-managed server and I choose centminmod for my server panel. But seems I got some problem in it which make my website always gets down with Error 502 Bad Gateway. I have to restart the php-fpm over and over again to make my website run again. Seems that there's a problem in connection of Nginx and php-fpm. Please help me solve it. Below are my server specs:

    Code:
    CentOS Version: CentOS release 6.9 (Final)
    Centmin Mod Version Installed: 123.09beta01
    Nginx Version Installed: 1.13.0
    PHP Version Installed: 5.6.30
    MariaDB MySQL Version Installed: 10.1.23
    When was last time updated Centmin Mod code base?: 2-3 days ago.
    No Persistent Config
    
    Thank you.
     
  2. eva2000

    eva2000 Administrator Staff Member

    29,702
    6,707
    113
    May 24, 2014
    Brisbane, Australia
    Ratings:
    +10,009
    Local Time:
    8:58 PM
    Nginx 1.13.x
    MariaDB 5.5
    What web script/web app you running the site on ? forum, wordpress ?

    When you create a new nginx vhost domain via centmin.sh menu option 2 or menu option 22 or via /usr/bin/nv cli command line, you will create the Nginx vhost files and directories. You will get an outputted the path location where it will create the domain name's vhost conf file named newdomain.com.conf (and newdomain.com.ssl.conf if you selected yes to self signed SSL)
    • Nginx vhost conf path will be at /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/newdomain.com.conf
    • Nginx HTTP/2 SSL vhost conf path will be at /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/newdomain.com.ssl.conf
    • Nginx Self-Signed SSL Certificate Directory at /usr/local/nginx/conf/ssl/newdomain.com
    • Vhost public web root will be at /home/nginx/domains/newdomain.com/public
    • Vhost log directory will be at /home/nginx/domains/newdomain.com/log
    Please post the contents of /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/newdomain.com.conf and if applicable /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/newdomain.com.ssl.conf wrapped in CODE tags (outlined at How to use forum BBCODE code tags)

    Centmin Mod is provide as is, so short of scripted related bugs or issues, any further optimisation to the web stack components - nginx, php-fpm, mariadb mysql, csf firewall etc or web app specific configurations are left to the Centmin Mod user to deal with. So I do not provide any free support for such.

    Nginx 502 or 504 Bad Gateway Errors



    Bad gateway 502 /504 timeouts are usually related to Nginx timing out waiting on PHP-FPM to respond as PHP-FPM is overloaded or overwhelmed with requests, so may need to tune PHP-FPM values. It also maybe due to PHP-FPM in turn being queued and backed up waiting on MariaDB MySQL server to respond - so also need to look at MySQL.

    You'll need to tune your PHP-FPM settings with php-fpm main pool config file at /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf (overview of config files) and this is left up to end user to do but here's a thread for starters to enable php status page output outlined at

    Checking PHP-FPM etc logs



    You'll also need to check into your PHP-FPM, Nginx and MariaDB logs which you can find as outlined at How to troubleshoot Centmin Mod initial install issues

    Server logs include Nginx, PHP-FPM, MariaDB MySQL error logs as well as others. You can find your Centmin Mod install/menu logs at FAQ 7 and server logs at FAQ 19 at Centmin Mod FAQ (most up to date info in FAQ so always read that first). Spoiler tag below has info too but may not be up to date.

    Some of Centmin Mod's installed software will have their own access and error logs which maybe useful for diagnosing errors or give info, notes, or warning notices.

    Note: There's no support provided by me for diagnosing such errors which may occur for various reasons including misconfiguration of installed php/mysql scripts or applications.

    In SSH2 telnet you can use tail command to view the last X number of lines in the file.

    For example for viewing last 10 lines in the file for:

    For Nginx access and error logs:
    Code:
      tail -10 /usr/local/nginx/logs/access.log
      tail -10 /usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log
    
    For specific domainname.com access and error log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /home/nginx/domains/domainname.com/log/access.log
      tail -10 /home/nginx/domains/domainname.com/log/error.log
    
    For other system error logs located at /var/log:

    list /var/log files in ascending time order so the most recently modified files are at the bottom
    Code:
      ls -lhrt /var/log
    
    Code:
    total 2.7M
    -rw------- 1 root  root    0 Aug 29 15:33 tallylog
    -rw------- 1 root  root    0 Aug 29 15:33 spooler
    drwx------ 3 root  root 4.0K Aug 29 15:35 samba
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root  root 4.0K Aug 29 15:35 mail
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root  500     0 Oct  8 18:13 dmesg.old
    -rw------- 1 root  500     0 Oct  8 18:13 boot.log
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root  500     0 Oct  8 18:14 dmesg
    drwx------ 2 root  root 4.0K Oct  8 18:14 httpd
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root  root 4.0K Oct  8 19:08 php-fpm
    -rw-rw---- 1 mysql root 2.3K Oct  9 12:38 mysqld.log
    -rw------- 1 root  root 9.2K Oct 26 10:48 yum.log
    -rw------- 1 root  utmp  94K Nov  7 22:59 btmp
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root  root 4.0K Nov  8 00:00 sa
    -rw------- 1 root  root 269K Nov  8 21:39 messages
    -rw------- 1 root  root 110K Nov  8 23:08 secure
    -rw-rw-r-- 1 root  utmp  43K Nov  8 23:08 wtmp
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root  root 144K Nov  8 23:08 lastlog
    -rw------- 1 root  root  69K Nov  8 23:08 lfd.log
    -rw------- 1 root  root 332K Nov  8 23:08 maillog
    -rw------- 1 root  500  1.6M Nov  8 23:10 cron
    
    For PHP-FPM error log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/php-fpm/www-error.log
    
    and/or
    Code:
      /var/log/php-fpm/www-php.error.log
    
    For MySQL / MariaDB error log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/mysqld.log
    
    For CSF firewall LFD log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/lfd.log
    
    For Mail log:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/maillog
    
    For Cron job logs:
    Code:
      tail -10 /var/log/cron
    

    How to edit php.ini and php-fpm configuration files ?



    Centmin Mod install created command short cuts outlined here to allow you to quickly edit your /usr/local/lib/php.ini file and your /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf file. Full list of command shortcuts below:
    • Edit php.ini = phpedit ( /usr/local/lib/php.ini )
    • Edit my.cnf = mycnf ( /etc/my.cnf )
    • Edit php-fpm.conf = fpmconf ( /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.conf )
    • Edit nginx.conf = nginxconf ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf )
    • Edit (nginx) virtual.conf = vhostconf - only edits /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/virtual.conf not the additional vhost domain.com.conf files added later
    • Edit (nginx) php.conf = phpinc ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/php.conf )
    • Edit (nginx) drop.conf = dropinc ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/drop.conf )
    • Edit (nginx) staticfiles.conf = statfilesinc ( /usr/local/nginx/conf/staticfiles.conf )
    • nginx stop/start/restart = ngxstop/ngxstart/ngxrestart
    • php-fpm stop/start/restart = fpmstop/fpmstart/fpmrestart
    • mysql stop/start/restart = mysqlstop/mysqlstart/mysqlrestart
    • nginx + php-fpm stop/start/restart = npstop/npstart/nprestart
    • memcached stop/start/restart =memcachedstop/memcachedstart/memcachedrestart
    • csf stop/start/restart = csfstop/csfstart/csfrestart

    Troubleshooting Tools



    However, there's many linux tools and scripts that can help you figure out what was causing the load issues and when.

    Tools and commands you will want to read up on and learn for basic system admin tasks and troubleshooting.
    Notes:
    However, Centmin Mod users are free to help each other out and ask questions or give answers on this community forum. My hopes are that this community forum evolves so that more veteran long time Centmin Mod users help new Centmin Mod users out :)